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Hoogtepunten van het product 12.2
openSUSE 12.2 – the nieuwste vrije software op een stabiele en gemakkelijke manier
Beste gebruikers, medewerkers, fans en vrienden. We zijn er trots op u de nieuwste openSUSE uitgave te presenteren! Het is het resultaat van 10 maanden hard werken door de openSUSE gemeenschap en stelt u in staat te genieten van het nieuwste dat vrije software heeft te bieden, met de unieke openSUSE toets — stabiel, vriendelijk, fun.
Meer details over openSUSE 12.2
De volgende pagina's gaan in meer detail in op wat nieuw is in deze openSUSE uitgave.
- 1 openSUSE 12.2 – the nieuwste vrije software op een stabiele en gemakkelijke manier
- 2 Meer details over openSUSE 12.2
- 2.1 Onder de motorkap
- 2.2 Free Desktops
- 2.3 New and updated applications
- 2.4 Scientific
- 2.5 Development tools, IDEs, toolchain
- 2.6 Input Methods
- 2.7 Other
- 3 And more
Onder de motorkap
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Systemd 44 adds watchdog support for supervising services. The new top-like process management tool (systemd-cgtop) shows resource usage of services per control-group rather than per process to make it easier to see which service uses memory, CPU etc. Systemd also improved readahead for even faster boot. Introduction of the "journal" allows among other things fast per-service logging.
glibc 2.15 optimizes performance of many functions, especially on 64bit systems. Support for the syscalls process_vm_writev and process_vm_readv allow fast data transfer between processes in user space. The new program 'pldd' (package glibc-utils) allows to list loaded shared libraries of running processes.
BIND 9.9 improves DNSSEC support by e.g. adding support for inline signing of zones which greatly simplifies the deployment of DNSSEC. On multi-core machines multi-threading now improves the query performance. The startup speed of BIND has been improved as well to reduce the downtime between restarts.
Linux Kernel 3.4.2, with many improvements over the Linux 3.1 shipped in 12.1, brings support for the latest hardware, including Free drivers for NVIDIA and ATI graphics cards, improved power saving modes for Intel video chipsets, better wireless drivers, and improved virtualization of PCI hardware. Ethernet link aggregation provides redundancy and improved SSD support. The btrfs filesystem sees many improvements including RAID reconfiguration, and the general storage layer has better performance and interactivity when writing huge amounts of data. Process group control improvements allow the capping of CPU consumption by cgroups.
The Mesa 3D library version 8.0 introduces OpenGL 3.0 support. To keep the library clean many outdated and unmaintained drivers have been removed, such as those that do not support DRI2. Mesa includes the llvmpipe driver enabling 3D support on VMWare virtual machines and physical machines without 3D hardware.
openSUSE moves to GRUB2 as its default boot loader. GRUB2 is now mature, and is supported, unlike its predecessor. The released version is bumped to 2.00final. GRUB2 allows us to support new technologies such as UEFI cleanly, it could also chainloader other efi loader or loading efi stub kernel. It can boot from LVM and btrfs partitions, as well as encrypted partitions. Its menus can be translated, and themed. GRUB Legacy is still available.
plymouth is now used for the boot splash screen. It allows for flicker-free boot on systems with kernel mode switching (KMS) support. Passphrase prompts for encrypted disks are also handled by plymouth.
SPICE is included in openSUSE for the first time. SPICE is a system to display a remote or virtualized system's applications and devices.
OpenSSH 6.0 enhances privilege separation and sandboxing in addition to many bug fixes. It also adds SHA256 based HMAC transport integrity modes.
The X server now reports multi-touch events on hardware that supports it, like man tablets and laptops. And enabled udev/systemd-based multi-seat support.
UsrMerge In openSUSE 12.2 the UsrMerge initiative started to move binaries and libraries from subdirectories of / (such as /bin) to subdirectories /usr. Symlinks in the old location provide backward compatibility. This effort continues for the next release.
The update repos were split to have separate oss and non-oss repositories. Please refer to the bug report for details.
Version 4.8.4 of KDE Plasma Workspaces, Applications and Platform are included, marking a big leap since 4.7.2 on openSUSE 12.1. Plasma Workspace includes performance improvements to the window manager, enhanced power management utilities, a redesigned window switcher popup and several other applets. The file manager, Dolphin, has faster and more polished view code, while the picture viewer has improved image zoom and slideshow effects. KMail has seen many performance and bug fixes, including the resolution of a long-standing problem with client-side mail filtering. Marble, the mapping and globe app, can display the elevation profile of a route to better plan an outdoor trip, and in planet mode can display satellites' orbits. Developers will enjoy improvements to the text editor's search and replace functions, vi mode, and a faster translation tool with support for more file formats.
This is the second openSUSE release featuring GNOME 3, which continues to evolve rapidly. GNOME 3.4 adds a new document browser app and introduces 'Web', a repackaging of the existing Epiphany as a lightweight default web browser. Video calling, as well as Facebook chat and Windows Live Messenger support comes to the Empathy messenger. Gnome Shell now shows application menus from the main title bar, and includes integrated document search functions from the overview. The Contacts application has been polished, as have many pages of the System Settings app. All applications will benefit from improvements to GTK3 such as smooth scrolling of window contents and redesigned scroll bars. Many apps' documentation has been improved as well.
openSUSE tweaks to GNOME include allowing wireless network connections to be added by non-root users, and enabling the system reset extension to gnome-shell by default, reflecting openSUSE users' preference to have full control over their computers. In addition, notebook users will enjoy the sensible defaults of enabling tap-to-click and disabling the touchpad while typing. And the inclusion of the llvmpipe software 3D renderer allows gnome-shell to run on systems without 3D hardware, including virtual machines.
Other Free Desktops
XFCE version 4.10 is an option, and includes an improved application finder, allows vertical panels and single click to launch icons on the desktop for the first time, and can now automatically tile windows when dragged to a screen edge.
LXDE sees an updated panel, with new applets, as well as bugfixes and theming improvements across the desktop.
All the desktops will benefit from the inclusion of the new free screen font by Adobe, Source Sans. International users, especially those in CJK countries, will enjoy the improved m17n stack.
New and updated applications
Chromium is the web browser based of Google Chrome, that brings many integration features with Google services. It is based upon Webkit engine and comes with NativeClient support enabled for the first time in openSUSE 12.2.
Firefox is the number one browser among openSUSE users. Developed by Mozilla, 12.2 includes 14.0.1 version, that brings CSS3 3D-Transforms, redesigned media controls for HTML5, new migration capabilities of your data from Google Chrome, faster browsing thanks to the SPDY protocol, Add-on sync and many stability and security fixes, among other features.
Rekonq is a lightweight WebKit-based browser built on KDE. openSUSE 12.2 includes rekonq 0.9.2 introducing a New Tab page and provides passwords, bookmarks and history sync features, also improved URL bar, bookmarks toolbar and WebKit settings.
Graphics and multimedia
Gimp 2.80, the image editor, comes with several new improvements in different areas, like the user interface, where the "single-window mode" to open several images in tabs, will be noticed really quick by openSUSE users.
Krita is a painting application for digital artists. openSUSE 12.2 delivers version 2.4 including a new smudging option, a composition docker, and selection capabilities of predefined size/dpi combinations amongst many other new features.
Inkscape is a Free Software scalable vector graphics editor. openSUSE 12.2 includes 0.48.3.1 version, that comes with stability and bug fixes.
Tomahawk is a last generation multiplatform music player. openSUSE 12.2 release includes its 0.4.2 version that comes with heavy improvements in CPU usage and lots of bugs fixed.
Amarok is a well known Free Software music player. openSUSE 12.2 brings 2.5 version with a rewrite of the Automated Playlist Generator algorithm, improvements in CPU usage and better detection of mounts of NFS & SMB Shares, among many other improvements.
Darktable 1.0.5 is a photography application and RAW tool that is new in openSUSE 12.2, a virtual lighttable and darkroom for photographers.
Rapid Photo Downloader 0.4.4 is a photography tool for bulk photo transfers.
openTTD is an open source transport simulation game, resembling "Transport Tycoon Deluxe". Look and feel is similar to the original but gameplay was improved significantly. openTTD also features a multi-player mode for up to 255 players.
Office and PIM
Office suites and applications
- Writer: better UI for header/footer handling; better page breaks indicators; modeless word count dialog that updates as you type
- Calc: new multiline inputbar; 10000 sheets support; configurable initial number of sheets; better DDE and external links handling; new Calc functions as declared in the ODF 1.2 specification; re-designed Autofilter popup window; many performance improvements
- Impress / Draw: SmartArt import, custom shapes import, elliptical arcs in path; support embedding palettes and other property list types;
- Filters: import filter for MS Visio documents; new, re-written RTF import filter; many improvements in import/export filters, especially for Microsoft OpenXML file formats
- User interface: new color picker; menus list their entries in a natural sort order; improved usability in several area
- Misc: support for Java 7; ODF 1.2 conforming documents are produced by default; performance improvements; improved translations; AES encryption is used, which replaces the previously used one (Blowfish)
Gnumeric is the oldest graphical Free Software spreedsheet. Part of the GNOME project, in this version, 1.11.3 comes with many bug fixes.
Personal information applications
Evolution 3.4.4 is a stable and versatile personal information manager for the GNOME project. Evolution allows you to keep your calendar, email, address book and tasks in one place. Evolution has the ability to filter Junk/Spam Mail, add your favorite web calenders, and to keep your information safe and secure. In addition to native POP3, IMAP and GroupWise support, the Evolution project has connector options for Exchange 2003-2010.
Kontact is a personal information management suite that integrates an e-mail client, an address book and a calendar among other aplications. Some of them are integrated in Akonadi. openSUSE ships Kontact 4.8.4, where KDE PIM developers have fixed several bugs in KAlarm and Kmail.
Thunderbird is a multiplatform Free Software email/news/RSS application, developed by Mozilla. openSUSE ships 14.0 version of the program that allow users to sign up for a personalized email address from within the application (in partnershipwith Gandi and Hover), among other services. It comes with several improvements in the user interface and security/general fixes Thunderbird is based on the new Mozilla Gecko engine.
Stellarium is an astronomical simulator that renders 3D photos in real time. openSUSE 12.2 ships version 0.11.3.
Octave, the interpreted language for numeric computations is for the first time available in openSUSE, version 3.6.2.
Maxima is a symbolic computation program doing symbolic manipulation of polynomials, matrices, rational functions, integration, Todd-coxeter, graphing, bigfloats. openSUSE 12.2 ships this application for the first time (version 5.27). [wxmaxima] is the graphical user interface for Maxima.
vtk, The Visualization ToolKit, is a Free Software, freely available software system for 3D computer graphics, image processing and visualization. It is a new package in openSUSE 12.2 repository (version 5.10).
Mathgl is a cross-platform library for making high-quality scientific graphics. openSUSE 12.2 ships 2.0.2 version.
Veusz is a GUI scientific plotting and graphing package. This is a new package.Version 1.16 is included in openSUSe 12.2 as a new package.
Dolphin 4.8.4 is KDE's file manager. Several bugs have been fixed in this version, highly integrated with Nepomuk. The user interface is now faster and smoother, animations have been improved and grouping capabilities have been added, among other features.
Nautilus is GNOME's file manager. This release includes 3.4.2 version that comes with several new features like a polished UI or introduce Undo support for common file operations.
GNUCash, the personal and small-business financial-accounting software, comes with several bugfixes in 2.4.10 version.
KMyMoney is a personal and small business accounting multiplatform application. openSUSE 12.2 comes with version 4.6.2 including many features like OFX support, GnuCash file import and QIF import on Windows.
openSUSE 12.2 includes a module-based multiprotocol instant messenger build on Qt, qutIM. It supports varous protocols, such as ICQ, Jabber, IRC, Mail.ru Agent and VKontakte. openSUSE 12.2 ships 0.3.1 version.
Development tools, IDEs, toolchain
IDEs and compilers
While being mostly a bugfix release GCC 4.7.1 supports a bigger subset of the new ISO C++11 and ISO C11 standard. It also brings in version 3.1 of the OpenMP specification for C, C++ and Fortran.
Qt Creator 2.5 includes greatly improved C++11 support, a clipboard history, and a TODO plugin.
Languages and Libraries
With Qt 4.8.1 we introduce QPA(Qt Platform Abstraction). This makes it easy to port Qt to different windowing systems and devices. It enables those of us that are not OpenGL-ninjas to render OpenGL from more than one thread concurrently. It makes multithreaded HTTP easy and has an optimized file system access.
openSUSE 12.2 ships OpenJDK 7 (java-1_7_0-openjdk). As upstream support for OpenJDK 6 (java-1_6_0-openjdk) ends in November it's no longer included.
gnu-efi, the library to develop EFI applications for IA-64 (IPF), IA-32 (x86) , and x86_64 platforms using the GNU toolchain and the EFI development environment. openSUSE 12.2 included version 3.0q, the newest upstream releases version, it brings many more improvements.
Perl 5.16.0 supports most of unicode 6.1 so you can even use unicode characters in symbol names now.
openSUSE 12.2 includes the stable version 1.0.2 of Google's concurrent programming language Go. It is type and memory-safe, has an efficient, latency-free garbage collection and it has an ultra fast compiler.
QEMU 1.1.0 brings more supports, such as KVM in-kernel IRQ chip, virtio-scsi, USB 3.0, and PCI-to-PCI bridges. In addition, inspection/modification of new QEMU Object Model (QOM) through QEMU Monitor Protocol, provides many other new QMP commands, a guest agent(qemu-ga), and a bridge helper utility.
Tomcat 7 has been added to openSUSE, it implements the Servlet 3.0 and JavaServer Pages 2.2 and many more. In addition, we dropped Tomcat 6 and the jpackage.org naming scheme.
openSUSE 12.2 includes the SUSEpaste script - the essential collaborative debugging utility to paste outputs/logs easily to the openSUSE Paste site from the command line.
The openSUSE build service command line client OSC now supports creating and releasing maintenance updates for openSUSE.
Firebird 2.5 including new SuperClient model and reworked threading architecture. Embedded server is now based on SuperClient, allowing simultaneous access to a database from multiple applications.
fcitx and gcin
In 12.2, openSUSE brings you two modern input method frameworks. One of them is fcitx, an input method framework with extension support. It is the default input method for locales ko, zh_CN and zh_SG. gcin is a stable input method that is famous in Taiwan and new in openSUSE 12.2. It is the default input method for locales zh_TW, zh_HK and zh_MO.
Google Web Fonts
A selection of twelve open source font families from Google's web font collection is included in openSUSE 12.2. While including both formats, .otf and .ttf you are free to use them in any word processing or graphics application you want. To learn more about Google web fonts and find more that 500 additional great fonts have a look at the Google web font directory.
NCurses Disk Usage aka. ncdu, ncurses version of 'du' which provides a fast way to see what directories are using your disk space.
openeSUSE Reference documentation
The openSUSE Reference documentation has been updated where required, with new chapters on GRUB2 and systemd, and updates covering recent changes in KDE and GNOME. To make space on the DVD images, large books and manuals have been removed, but are part of the openSUSE 12.2 online repositories and are available to read online.
The above selection of changes and improvements in openSUSE 12.2 is still far from complete but gives a taste of what is new. We hope you enjoyed reading it!